42 USC 300x-9: Funding
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42 USC 300x-9: Funding Text contains those laws in effect on June 23, 2024
From Title 42-THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARECHAPTER 6A-PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICESUBCHAPTER XVII-BLOCK GRANTSPart B-Block Grants Regarding Mental Health and Substance Usesubpart i-block grants for community mental health services

§300x–9. Funding

(a) Authorization of appropriations

For the purpose of carrying out this subpart, and subpart III and section 290aa–4(c) of this title with respect to mental health, there are authorized to be appropriated $857,571,000 for each of fiscal years 2023 through 2027.

(b) Allocations for technical assistance, data collection, and program evaluation

(1) In general

For the purpose of carrying out section 300x–58(a) of this title with respect to mental health and the purposes specified in paragraphs (2) and (3), the Secretary shall obligate 5 percent of the amounts appropriated under subsection (a) for a fiscal year.

(2) Data collection

The purpose specified in this paragraph is carrying out sections 290aa–4(c) and 300y of this title with respect to mental health.

(3) Program evaluation

The purpose specified in this paragraph is the conduct of evaluations of prevention and treatment programs and services with respect to mental health to determine methods for improving the availability and quality of such programs and services.

(c) Early serious mental illness

(1) In general

Except as provided in paragraph (2), a State shall expend not less than 10 percent of the amount the State receives for carrying out this section for each fiscal year to support evidence-based programs that address the needs of individuals with early serious mental illness, including psychotic disorders, regardless of the age of the individual at onset.

(2) State flexibility

In lieu of expending 10 percent of the amount the State receives under this section for a fiscal year as required under paragraph (1), a State may elect to expend not less than 20 percent of such amount by the end of such succeeding fiscal year.

(d) Crisis care

(1) In general

Except as provided in paragraph (3), a State shall expend at least 5 percent of the amount the State receives pursuant to section 300x of this title for each fiscal year to support evidenced-based programs that address the crisis care needs of individuals with serious mental illnesses and children with serious emotional disturbances, which may include individuals (including children and adolescents) experiencing mental health crises demonstrating serious mental illness or serious emotional disturbance, as applicable.

(2) Core elements

At the discretion of the single State agency responsible for the administration of the program of the State under a grant under section 300x of this title, funds expended pursuant to paragraph (1) may be used to fund some or all of the core crisis care service components, as applicable and appropriate, including the following:

(A) Crisis call centers.

(B) 24/7 mobile crisis services.

(C) Crisis stabilization programs offering acute care or subacute care in a hospital or appropriately licensed facility, as determined by such State, with referrals to inpatient or outpatient care.

(3) State flexibility

In lieu of expending 5 percent of the amount the State receives pursuant to section 300x of this title for a fiscal year to support evidence-based programs as required by paragraph (1), a State may elect to expend not less than 10 percent of such amount to support such programs by the end of two consecutive fiscal years.

(4) Rule of construction

Section 300x–1(b)(1)(A)(vi) shall not be construed as limiting the provision of crisis care services pursuant to paragraph (1).

(July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XIX, §1920, as added Pub. L. 102–321, title II, §201(2), July 10, 1992, 106 Stat. 388 ; amended Pub. L. 106–310, div. B, title XXXII, §3204(f), Oct. 17, 2000, 114 Stat. 1193 ; Pub. L. 114–255, div. B, title VIII, §8001(c), (f), Dec. 13, 2016, 130 Stat. 1228 , 1229; Pub. L. 117–328, div. FF, title I, §1141(a), (b), Dec. 29, 2022, 136 Stat. 5657 .)


Editorial Notes

Prior Provisions

Prior sections 300x–9 to 300x–13 were repealed by Pub. L. 102–321, title II, §201(2), July 10, 1992, 106 Stat. 378 .

Section 300x–9, act July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XIX, §1921, formerly §1920, as added Aug. 13, 1981, Pub. L. 97–35, title IX, §901, 95 Stat. 552 ; renumbered §1920A and amended Oct. 19, 1984, Pub. L. 98–509, title I, §§105(a), 106(g), 98 Stat. 2358 , 2359; Oct. 7, 1985, Pub. L. 99–117, §7(c), 99 Stat. 493 ; renumbered §1921 and amended Nov. 18, 1988, Pub. L. 100–690, title II, §2038(2), (6), 102 Stat. 4203 , authorized technical assistance with respect to development of services under alcohol, drug abuse, and mental health services block grants.

A prior section 1920 of act July 1, 1944, was classified to section 300x–8 of this title and repealed by Pub. L. 102–321.

Section 300x–9a, act July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XIX, §1922, as added Nov. 18, 1988, Pub. L. 100–690, title II, §2039(a), 102 Stat. 4204 ; amended Aug. 16, 1989, Pub. L. 101–93, §2(n)(1), 103 Stat. 608 , related to service research on community-based alcohol and drug abuse treatment programs.

Section 300x–9b, act July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XIX, §1923, as added Nov. 18, 1988, Pub. L. 100–690, title II, §2040, 102 Stat. 4204 ; amended Aug. 16, 1989, Pub. L. 101–93, §2(q)(2), 103 Stat. 609 , related to service research on community-based mental health treatment programs.

Section 300x–10, act July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XIX, §1924, formerly §1920B, as added Nov. 14, 1986, Pub. L. 99–660, title V, §502(2), 100 Stat. 3795 ; renumbered §1924 and amended Nov. 18, 1988, Pub. L. 100–690, title II, §2038(3), (4), 102 Stat. 4203 ; Nov. 28, 1990, Pub. L. 101–639, §3(a)(1), 104 Stat. 4601 , related to development grants for State comprehensive mental health services plans.

Section 300x–11, act July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XIX, §1925, formerly §1920C, as added Nov. 14, 1986, Pub. L. 99–660, title V, §502(2), 100 Stat. 3795 ; renumbered §1925 and amended Nov. 18, 1988, Pub. L. 100–690, title II, §§2038(3), 2041(a), 102 Stat. 4203 , 4205; Aug. 16, 1989, Pub. L. 101–93, §2(o)(1), 103 Stat. 608 ; Nov. 28, 1990, Pub. L. 101–639, §3(b), 104 Stat. 4601 , related to State comprehensive mental health services plans.

Section 300x–12, act July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XIX, §1926, formerly §1920D, as added Nov. 14, 1986, Pub. L. 99–660, title V, §502(2), 100 Stat. 3796 ; renumbered §1926 and amended Nov. 18, 1988, Pub. L. 100–690, title II, §2038(3), (5), 102 Stat. 4203 ; Aug. 16, 1989, Pub. L. 101–93, §2(o)(2), 103 Stat. 609 ; Nov. 28, 1990, Pub. L. 101–639, §3(c), 104 Stat. 4602 , related to enforcement of requirement of developing State comprehensive mental health services plans.

Section 300x–13, act July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XIX, §1927, formerly §1920E, as added Nov. 14, 1986, Pub. L. 99–660, title V, §502(2), 100 Stat. 3797 ; renumbered §1927, Nov. 18, 1988, Pub. L. 100–690, title II, §2038(3), 102 Stat. 4203 , related to development of model standards for provision of care to chronically mentally ill persons.

Amendments

2022-Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 117–328, §1141(a), substituted "$857,571,000 for each of fiscal years 2023 through 2027" for "$532,571,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 through 2022".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 117–328, §1141(b), added subsec. (d).

2016-Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 114–255, §8001(f)(1), substituted "section 290aa–4(c) of this title" for "section 290aa–4 of this title" and "$532,571,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 through 2022." for "$450,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2002 and 2003."

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 114–255, §8001(f)(2), substituted "sections 290aa–4(c) and" for "sections 290aa–4 and".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 114–255, §8001(c), added subsec. (c).

2000-Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 106–310, §3204(f)(1), substituted "$450,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2002 and 2003" for "$450,000,000 for fiscal year 1993, and such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 1994".

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 106–310, §3204(f)(2), substituted "sections 290aa–4 and 300y of this title" for "section 290aa–4 of this title".


Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries

Report to Congress

Pub. L. 117–328, div. FF, title I, §1141(c), Dec. 29, 2022, 136 Stat. 5657 , provided that: "Not later than September 30, 2025, and biennially thereafter, the Secretary shall provide a report to the Congress on the crisis care strategies and programs pursued by States pursuant to subsection (d) of section 1920 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300x–9), as added by subsection (b). Such report shall include-

"(1) a description of each State's crisis care activities;

"(2) the population served, including information on demographics, including age;

"(3) the outcomes of such activities, including-

"(A) how such activities reduced hospitalizations and hospital stays;

"(B) how such activities reduced incidents of suicidal ideation and behaviors; and

"(C) how such activities reduced the severity of onset of serious mental illness and serious emotional disturbance, as applicable; and

"(4) any other relevant information the Secretary determines is necessary."